Equivalent carbon dioxide (CO2e) is used to describe the total global-warming effect of greenhouse gases. The CO2e-label indicates the total amount of the produced carbon dioxide that is emitted into the atmosphere by the product during its production chain from the field to shop storage.
The production of raw materials, for instance, the cultivation of oat, wheat, sugar beet and canola or the production of milk, meat and honey, forms the major part of foodstuff carbon dioxide emissions. Primary-production emissions are generated from, for example, sowing, fertilization, drying, animal feeding and the use of machinery on farms.
During the processing stage, emissions are generated when the foodstuff is processed from raw-material to end product.
The packaging-stage emissions are generated from packing materials, the production of the packaging and the deliveries to the factory.
The distribution emissions are generated from the raw-material deliveries to the factory and the end-product deliveries to shop storage.